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Referencing Roadmap (Harvard)

Online dictionary, encyclopaedia or handbook (reference works)

Description: An online reference book with definitions of words and terms.

Notes

  • For a standard dictionary with no core author(s) or editor(s), only cite in-text.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

title of dictionary (year)
(title of dictionary year)

Examples

The English Oxford Living Dictionary (2016) defines this as...

Notes

  • Cite specialist dictionaries or encyclopedias with topic author(s) and/or editor(s).

In-text citation

Format and layout:

Author's family name OR Authoring body (year)
(Author's family name OR Authoring body year)

Examples

According to Smith (2011), phenomenology is...

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Author's family name, Initial(s) OR Authoring body year, 'Title of topic', in Editor's initial(s) Editor's family name (ed.), Title of encyclopedia, Publisher, Place of publication, viewed date, <URL>.

Examples

Smith, DW 2011, 'Phenomenology', in EN Zalta (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, viewed 19 December 2016, <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2011/entries/phenomenology/>.

Notes

  • If the place of publication is not provided in the book, you can leave this out - still include the publisher and e-book provider.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

Author's family name OR Authoring body (year)
(Author's family name OR Authoring body year)

Examples

...technique is also recommended by Flann, Hill and Wang (2014).

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Author's family name, Initial(s) OR Authoring body year, Title of handbook, edition if applicable, Publisher, Place of publication if available, E-book platform.

Examples

Flann, E, Hill, B & Wang, L 2014, The Australian editing handbook, 3rd edn, Wiley, Milton, Queensland, ProQuest Ebook Central.

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