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Referencing Roadmap (Harvard)

Image or Diagram

Description: A self-produced image, diagram or artwork and an image or diagram found online or in a print source such as a book or journal

Description: A self-produced image, diagram or artwork

Notes

  • Types of images and diagrams include photographs, tables, illustrations etc.
  • If you use an image that is your own and is unpublished, it is good practice to provide a phrase indicating the source, such as 'Author's own year, unpublished', in brackets underneath the image. However, you do not need to provide an entry in the reference list, as it is not a verifiable published source.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

Title or description (Author's own year, unpublished).

Example

A blue rectangle
The Rectangle (Author's own 2017, unpublished).

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Not listed in reference list as cannot be recovered by reader.

Description: An image or diagram found online or in a print source such as a book or journal

Notes

  • Types of images and diagrams include photographs, tables, illustrations etc.
  • All images used in assignments must be accompanied by references to the source text.
  • Cite the source where the image was located using the standard format for that source.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

Below the image, cite the source where the image was located using standard author and date information.

Title or description (Author's family name OR Authoring body year)

Examples

A man on the moon
Neil Armstrong (NASA 2008).

 Modes of Support

Modes of support (Hussin 2007, p. 365).

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Cite the source where the image was located using the standard format for that source.

Examples

NASA 2008, Image of the day gallery: a man on the moon, NASA, 23 March, viewed 27 November 2012, <http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_369a.html>.

Hussin, V 2007, 'Supporting off-shore students: a preliminary study', Innovations in Education Teaching International, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 363–76.

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