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Referencing Roadmap (Harvard)

Book

Description: A whole book, edited book, book chapter or translated book

Description: A book written in its entirety by one or more authors

Notes

  • When multiple authors' names are included within a sentence in your assignment (not in brackets) use the full spelling of 'and' in your referencing.
  • When multiple authors' names are in brackets or in the reference list, use '&'.
  • When there are four or more authors, use the abbreviation 'et al.' in your in-text referencing following the first author's family name, but list all authors in your reference list.
  • If there is no date use n.d.
  • If there is an approximate date use c. (this means 'circa' - Latin for 'around/about').
  • The edition number comes directly after the title in the reference list. Include details of the date and edition which you accessed. Edition is not mentioned in-text.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

Author's family name OR Authoring body (year, page number if applicable)
(Author's family name OR Authoring body year, page number if applicable)

One author

Chabon (2008, p. 108) discusses...

...was discussed in the study (Chabon 2008, p. 108).

Authoring body/organisation

Deni Green Consulting Services (2008, p. 5) proposes...

...a better world (Deni Green Consulting Services 2008, p. 5).

Two or three authors

Campbell, Fox and de Zwart (2010, p. 46) argue...

...alternatives are preferable (Campbell, Fox & de Zwart 2010, p. 46).

Four or more authors

As suggested by Henkin et al. (2006, p. 14)...

...has been suggested (Henkin et al. 2006, p. 14).

Book with no date or an approximate date

This is emphasized by Seah (n.d.) when...

This is emphasised by Seah (c. 2005) when...

2nd, revised or later edition of a book

Bordwell and Thompson (2009, p. 33) explain...

...influenced his work (Pearce 2015).

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Author's family name, Initial(s) OR Authoring body year of publication, Title of book, edition if necessary, Publisher, Place of publication.

One author

Chabon, M 2008, Maps and legends, McSweeney's Books, San Francisco.

Authoring body/organisation

Deni Green Consulting Services 2008, Capital idea: realising value from environmental and social performance, Deni Green Consulting Services, North Carlton, Victoria.

Two or three authors

Campbell, E, Fox, R & de Zwart, M 2010, Students' guide to legal writing, law exams and self assessment, 3rd edn, Federation Press, Sydney.

Four or more authors

Henkin, RE, Bova, D, Dillehay, GL, Halama, JR, Karesh, SM, Wagner, RH & Zimmer, MZ 2006, Nuclear medicine, 2nd edn, Mosby Elsevier, Philadelphia.

Book with no date or an approximate date

Seah, R n.d., Micro-computer applications, Microsoft Press, Redmond, Washington.

Seah, R c. 2005, Micro-computer applications, Microsoft Press, Redmond, Washington.

2nd, revised or later edition of a book

Bordwell, D & Thompson, K 2009, Film art: an introduction, 9th edn, Mc-Graw Hill, New York.

Pearce, B 2015, Master of stillness: Jeffrey Smart, rev. edn, Wakefield Press, Mile End, South Australia.

Description: A book that is divided into chapters written by different authors

Notes

  • Use 'ed.' to indicate the editor of a work. Use 'eds' (with no full stop) for multiple editors.
  • When the editor's name is included within your sentence (not in brackets) place ed. in the brackets following their name. When the editor's name is in brackets, put ed. before their name.
  • When editors' names are included within your sentence (not in brackets) use the full spelling of 'and'. When their names are in brackets or in the reference list, use '&'. Note the use of 'eds' (no full stop) for multiple editors.
  • When there are 4 or more editors, only use the first editor's name in-text followed by the abbreviation et al. But include all names in the reference list.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

Author's family name (ed. year)
(Author's family name ed. year)

One author

Hornberger (ed. 2003) questions whether...

It is not clear whether this point supports his previous assertions (ed. Hornberger 2003).

Two or three authors

Kronenberg, Pollard and Sakellariou (eds 2011) are interested in providing a framework for...

...is included in this framework (eds Kronenberg, Pollard & Sakellariou 2011).

Four or more authors

In their collection of essays, Barnett et al. (eds 2006) explore...

...is explored throughout (eds Barnett et al. 2006).

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Author's family name, Initial(s) (ed.) year, Title of book, edition if necessary, Publisher, Place of publication.

One author

Hornberger, NH (ed.) 2003, Continua of biliteracy: an ecological framework for educational policy, research and practice in multilingual settings, Multilingual Matters, Clevedon, UK.

Two or three authors

Kronenberg, F, Pollard, N & Sakellariou, D (eds) 2011, Occupational therapies without borders: towards an ecology of occupation-based practices, vol. 2, Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, Edinburgh.

Four or more authors

Barnett, T, Bierbaum, N, Harrex, S, Hosking, R & Tulloch, G (eds) 2006, London was full of rooms, Lythrum Press, Adelaide.

Description: A single chapter or section within an edited book

Notes

  • Do not cite a chapter or section in a book when that book is entirely written by one author or set of authors: instead, cite as a whole book. However, if the chapter has its own separate author (i.e. like a chapter in an edited book), cite the chapter and chapter author.
  • Always cite the author of the chapter as your main author, not the editor of the book.
  • In the reference list include the editor's name after the chapter title.
  • Note the exception to the order of initials for editors. For book chapters put the editor's initial(s) before their family name rather than after.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

Author's family name (year, page number if applicable)
(Author's family name year, page number if applicable)

Examples

Abbott (2010, p. 32) believes the horror blockbuster...

...influential theory (Naremore 2004, p. 11).

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Chapter Author's family name, Initial(s) year, 'Title of chapter', in Editor's Initial(s) Editor's family name (ed.), Title of book, edition if necessary, Publisher, Place of publication, pp. xx–xx.

Examples

Abbott, S 2010, 'High concept thrills and chills: the horror blockbuster', in I Conrich (ed.), Horror zone: the cultural experience of contemporary horror cinema, I.B. Tauris, London, pp. 27–44.

Naremore, J 2004, 'Authorship', in T Miller & R Stam (eds), A companion to film theory, Blackwell Publishing, Malden, Massachusetts, pp. 9–24.

Notes

  • The translator's name is not referenced in-text – it only appears after the title in the reference list.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

Author's family name (year, page number if applicable)
(Author's family name year, page number if applicable)

Examples

Kristeva (1995) has achieved great currency since its translation.

...is argued as the reason for this tension (Kristeva 1995).

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Author's family name, Initial(s) year, Title of book, trans. Translator's Initial(s) Translator's family name, edition if necessary, Publisher, Place of publication.

Examples

Kristeva, J 1995, New maladies of the soul, trans. R Guberman, Columbia University Press, New York.

Notes

  • For the in-text reference, a date is not included, the title of the work is listed and line numbers are used instead of page numbers.
  • For the reference list entry, the translator is included and the publication date is placed at the end of the reference entry as the date of the original work is unknown.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

(Author's family name Title of book, lines xx–xx)

Examples

Plato expressed this... (Plato The republic, lines 56–60)

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Author's family name, Title of book, trans. Translator's initial(s) Translator's family name, Publisher, Place of publication, Year of publication.

Examples

Plato, The republic, trans. A Bloom, Basic Books, New York, 1967.

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