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Referencing Roadmap (Harvard)

Television

Description: A program broadcast on free to air or pay television, an episode of an ongoing television program or series or episode of an ongoing television program or series viewed via physical or digital media (not TV broadcast)

Description: A program broadcast on free to air or pay television

Notes

  • Types of programs include documentaries, news and current affairs, and lifestyle programs.
  • Cite a program's director as its author. Include (dir.) following director's initials. Where directors are not identified, cite the producer (prod.) or production company. Italicise program titles.
  • Always include the television station and broadcast date.
  • For TV transmissions, include channel and screening date in your reference list entry. If year of screening differs from the year of production, include year of screening in the screening date.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

(Director's family name OR Producer's family name OR Authoring body year)
Director's family name OR Producer's family name OR Authoring body (year)

Examples

An episode of Dateline (SBS 2012) examines...

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Director's family name, Initial(s) (dir. OR prod.) OR Authoring body year of production, Title of program, television program, Station, date of broadcast.

Examples

SBS 2012, Dateline, television program, SBS, 6 November.

Description: Episode of an ongoing television program or series.

Notes

  • Types of programs include dramas, soap operas, sitcoms and comedies, science-fiction, thriller and mystery shows.
  • Cite an episode's director as its author. Include (dir.) following director's initials. Where directors are not identified, cite the producer (prod.) or production company.
  • Present episode titles in normal font inside inverted commas, and italicise program titles.
  • Always include the television station and broadcast date. If year of broadcast differs from year of production, include year of broadcast after broadcast date.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

(Director's family name OR Producer's family name OR Authoring body year)
Director's family name OR Producer's family name OR Authoring body (year)

Examples

56 Up (Apted 2012) chronicles...

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Director's family name, Initial(s) (dir. OR prod.) OR Authoring body year of production, 'Title of episode' if applicable, Title of program, ep. x if applicable, television program, Station, date of broadcast.

Examples

Coulter, A (dir.) 2010, 'Paris Green', Boardwalk empire, television program, SBS, 3 November 2012.

Apted, M (dir.) 2012, 56 up, ep. 2, television program, SBS, 6 November.

Description: Episode of an ongoing television program or series viewed via physical or digital media, not TV broadcast

Notes

  • Cite an episode's director as its author. Include (dir.) following director's initials. Where directors are not identified, cite the producer (prod.) or production company.
  • Present episode titles in normal font inside inverted commas, and italicise program titles.
  • Always include the type of recording e.g. DVD, Blu-Ray, videotape, iTunes.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

(Director's family name OR Producer's family name OR Authoring body year)
Director's family name OR Producer's family name OR Authoring body (year)

Examples

In season two's penultimate episode 'Blackwater' (Marshall 2012), the...

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Director's family name, Initial(s) (dir. OR prod.) OR Authoring body year of release, Title of program, type of recording, Production Company OR Distributor.

Examples

Marshall, N (dir.) 2012, 'Blackwater', Game of thrones: the complete second season, DVD, HBO.

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