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Copyright

Academic Integrity

Do you provide attribution for images in your lectures and presentations? If you don't, then consider:

  • The creator (photographer, researcher, illustrator) who created the image or figure deserves credit for their work
  • Not providing an attribution constitutes plagiarism, if not copyright infringement
  • Attributing everything you copy sets a good example for your students

If the source of the content does not contain all the information necessary for a complete citation, include as much detail as you can followed by a statement that the creator is unknown.

What you need to attribute

  • Everything you have copied (images, text, videos)
  • Photos taken by you (indeed!)

What to include in the attribution

The attribution statement should be clear and legible. If it is not possible to include an attribution statement with the work copied, add it to a list of sources that clearly identifies which citation accompanies which work. (Adapted from Best practices for attribution by CreativeCommons.org. https://wiki.creativecommons.org/wiki/Best_practices_for_attribution under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.)

A good rule of thumb for what to include in an attribution statement is:

Title

Author

Source

License (terms of use)

CC0 Licensed Images

construction building image by cegoh available at Pixabay, CC0 licence

Public Domain (Copyright Expired)

Katharine Hepburn at the Hotel Australia, Sydney, 1955 / Australian Photographic Agency (APA) Collection. No known copyright restrictions.

  • Preferred attribution
    Katharine Hepburn at the Hotel Australia, Sydney, 1955 / Australian Photographic Agency (APA) Collection. No known copyright restrictions.

    Note: This photo is held in one of the Archival collections managed by the State Library of New South Wales and is published on the State Library of New South Wales Flickr photostream. No known copyright restrictions is the licensing information that accompanies the photograph.

  • Minimal attribution
    Photograph of Katharine Hepburn. Downloaded from [insert URL].

Yin Yang symbol. Version by Kenny Shen, available at Wikimedia. Public Domain.

  • Preferred attribution
    Yin Yang symbol. Version by Kenny Shen, available at Wikimedia. Public Domain.
  • Minimal attribution
    Ying Yang symbol. Wikimedia. PD.

Creative Commons

MacDuff the cat by Kevin Dooley, 2009. Licensed under a CC-BY- 2.0 licence.

Your Own Photos

If you've taken photos you wish to use, credit yourself. Not only might you get paid if Copyright Agency ever audits the sites using your photos, you are contributing to the academic community of inquiry at our institution. Also, consider linking back to your UniSA profile page so people can get in touch. If not, consider using a Creative Commons license and sharing the love. Otherwise, © YourName is acceptable.

Source Unknown

  • Preferred attribution
    "Source unknown. All reasonable efforts have been taken to identify the copyright owner of this material. If you are the copyright owner or know who they are, please contact copyright@unisa.edu.au."
  • Minimal attribution
    "Source unknown."
  1. Do I always have to acknowledge material I have copied?
    Yes. Under Moral Rights legislation you must always ensure that any material copied is attributed to the copyright creator. This includes images copied from print sources, the internet, commercial distributors as well as audio-visual content. Even if you have altered an image to the point that it is not immediately recognisable, you should still acknowledge the original source.

    Acknowledging the source of your work will help you avoid claims of plagiarism.

    The Referencing Roadmap provides a comprehensive list of examples on how to reference/acknowledge material properly. Examples include websites, blogs, tweets, podcasts, YouTube videos, films, TV programs, maps, graphs, diagrams and images.

  2. How do I acknowledge an image I have found on Flickr and which is licensed under Creative Commons?
    1. Write the image title followed by the author's name
    2. Provide a hyperlink to the image source (i.e. the actual page where the image is located, not the website's homepage)
    3. Provide a hyperlink to the Creative Commons licence used
    4. Make sure the attribution recognises the actual author, and not somebody else.
    5. For further information, please see Attributing Creative Commons Materials [PDF].

  3. Is it necessary to place an attribution statement on the same slide as the content to which the attribution refers?
    No. What is essential is that the link between your attribution statements and the material to which they refer is clear. There are many ways to do this. Below is just one example:
    Acknowledgements slide example
  4. What are my options for including images on my course page without displaying the attributions as well?
    One solution is to save your attributions in a separate document and create a link to that file at the bottom of your course page.

    If the images have been copied from the internet and likely, therefore, in reliance on the University's Educational Licenses to copy text and images for educational purposes, you also need to add a link to the Copyright Notice.

    For more information about using images in teaching, please refer to Text, Images and Digital Readings.

  5. To attribute images which I have copied from the web, is it sufficient just to include the URL of the website I copied the images from?
    You should include at least the URL and the date accessed. If possible, also include the title and author of the image. The author might be the enterprise responsible.

  6. If all the images in my PowerPoint presentation are from the same book, do I need to attribute every image on every slide?
    No. It is not necessary to display the attributions on every slide. A blanket attribution statement, either at the end or at the beginning of your presentation, is sufficient, provided that the link between the attribution statement and the images copied is clear.

    For example: Unless otherwise stated all images in this PowerPoint presentation sourced from [insert citation details].

  7. What if I took the photos myself?
    If you've taken photos you wish to use, credit yourself. Not only might you get paid if the Copyright Agency ever audits the sites using your photos, you are contributing to the academic community of inquiry at our institution. Also, consider linking back to your UniSA profile page so people can get in touch. If not, consider using a Creative Commons license and sharing the love. Otherwise, © YourName is acceptable.

  8. What if I don't know the source?
    Preferred attribution:
    "Source unknown. All reasonable efforts have been taken to identify the copyright owner of this material. If you are the copyright owner or know who they are, please contact copyright@unisa.edu.au'."

    Minimal attribution:
    "Source unknown."

 

The Authoring Tools tab of our Online Learning Resources guide provides a list of online resources for locating images, sounds, text, videos and more licensed under Creative Commons.

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