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Copyright

PowerPoints, Lecture Recordings and YouTube

You can include text, images, sound and film in PowerPoint presentations and lecture recordings. However, depending on the type and format of the material you are copying, conditions and limits may apply.

Resources copied under the Educational Licences must be restricted to UniSA staff and students, and the Copyright Notice should be displayed prior to the PowerPoint being opened (or as the first slide).

If you want to make your presentations available more broadly, then you will need to ensure any content you copy has been published under an open licensing scheme. For more information about open educational resources, please refer to Open licensing.

Useful links:

All material communicated or placed online should display the Copyright Notice. To assist staff comply with the requirements of the Copyright Act, UniSA has made available a PowerPoint template which should be used by staff when creating PowerPoint presentations for use on-campus:

For more information, please contact Ask The Library.

Text extracts or short quotes

  • Normally limited to 1-2 pages (or 1% of the number of pages from a printed literary work of more than 200 pages).
  • 10% of the number of words from an unpaginated electronic literary work (e.g. blog, web page).
  • 1% of the number of pages from a paginated electronic literary work (e.g. PDF).

You may be able to copy more if the work you are quoting from has been made available under a Creative Commons licence or is in the public domain.

Artistic works (e.g. photographs, graphs, drawings, maps, designs, cartoons, diagrams, figures)

  • The whole of an artistic work in hardcopy form, if it is incidental to (i.e. accompanies or explains) the text being copied.
  • The whole of an artistic work in hardcopy form if it has not been separately published or cannot be obtained in a reasonable time and at an ordinary commercial price.
  • The whole of an artistic work published in electronic form, provided that access to that material is not governed by a contractual agreement or licence.

Internet

You may rely on the copying limits in the Educational Licence to use images from the internet in your teaching materials, provided that access to that material is not restricted by a contractual agreement or licence. If the website contains restrictions on downloading or copying of material, you must abide by these, or seek an exemption from the copyright owner.

Creative Commons Licensed Works

Creative Commons is a 'some rights reserved' licensing system allowing creators to release their works in less restrictive ways than those imposed by copyright legislation. Content made available under Creative Commons licences may be used in teaching materials.

For more information, please refer to the information published under Creative Commons.

Public domain or 'copyright free'

Many artistic works published on the web are promoted as being public domain or 'copyright free'. Before using these works, check the terms and conditions of the website making the images available, to make sure that the images are actually free for use.

Google Images

Artistic works found on Google are protected by copyright. Always check the copyright statements or terms and conditions of the website making the image available, to establish what uses are permissible

Watch this video for tips on finding Creative Commons licensed images through Google.

Guest lecturers may provide you with copies of their PowerPoint presentations. If you intend to make these PowerPoints available online, you need to ensure that:

  • any third party copyright material complies with the limits and requirements of UniSA's educational licences
  • if the lecturer owns the copyright, you obtain permission to use the presentation for teaching purposes.

One way to do this is to ask the guest lecturer to sign a Copyright Release form which asks them to warrant:

they own copyright in their presentation
they have granted explicit permission to the University to use their presentation as a teaching resource.

Where a guest lecturer has made these warranties and given consent for the University to use their PowerPoint as a teaching resource, no further action by you is required.

If no form has been signed and there are unattributed images, you should either:

remove the unattributed content from the PowerPoint
attribute the images as 'source unknown' and add a Copyright Notice as the first or second slide of the PowerPoint.

 

  • Can I upload recordings of my lecture to YouTube if only my students have access to the recordings?
    Not necessarily. If your lecture contains text, images, sound or film in which copyright is owned by someone other than you or the University, then your use of that content will be bound by the conditions under which you copied it. These conditions may vary depending on where you sourced the content from.

    For example:
    1. supplementary textbook resources provided to you by the publisher;
    2. text, images, sound and film copied under statutory licence; and
    3. eResources subscribed to by the Library

      all require that the University restrict access to UniSA staff and students.

      Therefore, if you intend to publish your recorded lectures to YouTube, we strongly recommend that you source content which is licensed for public use, such as content published under Creative Commons licence.
  • What are the rules around recording students in lectures and tutorials, particularly if students may be identified in recordings?
    You need to get the consent of the students to be recorded. For more information, please refer to Guidelines for Lecture Recordings [PDF].

  1. What should I do if I leave the Lecture Recording System running while I am showing a film to my students?
    The answer to this depends on the source of the film and how you will be using it.
    1. If the film has been copied from free-to-air, satellite or pay TV, okay.
    2. If the University has a license to use the film for teaching purposes, okay.
    3. If you have written permission from the copyright owner to show the film for teaching purposes, okay.
    4. If you are critiquing the film or using it to critique something else in your lecture, okay.

      However, if you are showing the film for entertainment purposes, then you will need to delete it from your recorded lecture.

      Sources of audio-visual content licensed for reuse in UniSA teaching materials can be found on the Licensed eResources page.

    5. Guidelines for Lecture Recordings [PDF]
  1. Am I allowed to use cartoons in my teaching materials?
    Yes. This is permitted under the Educational Licensing scheme that allows the University to use limited amounts of texts and images in its teaching programmes.

    Please note: many cartoons are subject to commercial licensing or subscription agreements and these arrangements may limit how cartoons purchased from these services can be used.
  2. Can I use images sourced from Google and Microsoft clipart in my PowerPoint presentation?
    Yes. For images found as a result of a Google search, these may be copied and communicated for use in your teaching resources in reliance on the University's Educational Licence, unless use of those images is governed by some form of contractual agreement (such as pay per use, subscription or click through agreement).

    You can also use Microsoft clipart in your teaching materials as this is permitted under the University's licence with Microsoft.

    For more information about using images in your PowerPoint presentations, please refer to PowerPoints and Lecture Recordings.
  3. How do I know if a picture I have found on the Internet is okay to use in a PowerPoint presentation I am preparing for my students?
    Any images published under Creative Commons Licence are okay to use. Creative Commons is a form of licence which allows creators to make their content available for use by others in ways that are often less restrictive than is currently available under the Copyright Act or other forms of licence. Creative Commons-licensed content can generally be used for educational purposes without infringing copyright and are great if you are wanting to use the image metaphorically.

    For more information about using and locating content published under open licenses, please refer to the resources on the Open Licensing page.
    If an openly licensed image simply won't suffice, then pictures which can be accessed without having to type in a username/password, accept a 'click through' agreement or purchase may be copied in reliance on the Educational Licence without infringing copyright.

    If you wish to use an image which is governed by some form of contractual arrangement (e.g. 'click through' agreement, pay per view, subscription, username/password), then you will need to ensure that you abide by the terms and conditions governing its use.
  4. What do I need to do to make sure my PowerPoint presentation is copyright compliant?
    1. Attribute all content.
    2. Insert the Copyright Notice as the first slide of your PowerPoint presentation, to cover any images or newspaper clippings you have copied in reliance on the Educational Licences.
    3. Include permissions statements for content used with permission.

      If you're unsure whether this advice covers your particular situation, contact Ask the Library.
  5. Can I upload music clips to my course website?
    No, not unless the University has the copyright owner's written permission to do so.
  1. Can I embed a YouTube video onto my course page?
    Yes. This is OK, as you are not making a copy. However, you should always try to link to content which has been uploaded by someone authorised to do so (for example, the creator, conference organiser, or sponsor).
  2. Can I show clips DVDs in class?
    DVDs may be shown in lectures without restriction. However, if you are making a recording of your lecture, you need to be aware that this recording will effectively include a copy of the original video. To help make sure that your lecture recording complies with copyright, DVDs should:
    1. be shown for the purpose of reviewing or critiquing in class, not for entertainment purposes
    2. only consist of small clips or extracts relevant to this purpose, not entire works.

      If you are unsure whether the video you want to show meets these requirements, we recommend pausing the lecture recording system while the video plays
  3. I have created a montage of clips taken from various videos to show in my tutorials. Can I upload this montage to my course website for all my students to access?
    To place online, the clips would need to be sourced from off-air recordings (broadcast television) in Australia. This would allow you to rely on the University's educational licences, which permit copying and communication of broadcast recordings for educational purposes.

    In those situations where an off-air recording does not exist and there are no exceptions in the Copyright Act or commercial licences available which you can rely on to copy the required excerpts, there is a 'Fair Use' type provision in the Copyright Act which you may be able to rely on to use the excerpts in you teaching materials provided certain criteria are met. Please contact Ask The Library for further information.
  4. What are the guidelines for using YouTube videos?
    While there are no legal provisions permitting universities to use YouTube content as teaching resources, the use is deemed to be low risk. We recommend linking rather than copying as this means you are not making a copy, which is one of the exclusive rights of the copyright owner. You should always try to link to content which has been uploaded by someone authorised to do so (for example, the creator, conference organiser, or sponsor). Linking to videos uploaded by the person or organisation that holds the copyright lessens the risk of the content being taken down from YouTube in response to a request from the rightsholder.

    If you link to content which has not been uploaded by someone who is authorised to do so, there is always a risk that this could be considered to be authorising secondary infringement, which is an offence.

    You can show YouTube clips in class so long as:
    1. the clip is streamed directly from the YouTube website (i.e. it has not been downloaded); and
    2. the material in the video is not infringing; and
    3. the course of instruction is not for profit.

      You can also provide access to YouTube videos via your course website as long as:
    4. you are linking to the YouTube videos; and
    5. the videos do not infringe copyright (i.e. the person who uploaded the content is the copyright owner, or has the authority to do so).
  5. Can I show Netflix in class?
    Netflix (in common with other subscription services such as Stan or Presto) requires you to set up an account with them before you can access their content. Section 4.2 of the Netflix Terms of Use stipulates that the account you set up in Netflix is for your personal and non-commercial use only.

    Further, the content accessible through Netflix is not necessarily owned by Netflix, but licensed to them from third party content providers. This may limit how that content may be reused.

    Some Netflix documentaries (Netflix Originals) may be used in educational settings, but the scope of this permission is, at best, unclear.

    Wherever possible, we recommend sourcing content from one of the Library's licensed eResources. If this is not possible, please contact Ask the Library to discuss options.

 

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