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Referencing Roadmap (Harvard)

Patent or Standard

Description: An official patent or standard.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

Author's family name OR Authoring body (year, page number if applicable)
(Author's family name OR Authoring body year, page number if applicable)


Gordon (2002) took out a patent on... was patented (Gordon 2002).

Standards Association of Australia (1996) provides...

...covering colours (Standards Association of Australia 1996).

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Author's family name, Initial(s) OR Authoring body year, Title of standard or patent, Patent or Standard number, Publisher, Place of publication.


Gordon, MC 2002, Sound muffling sleep mask, US Patent D465,234 S.

Standards Association of Australia 1996, Colour standards for general purposes: chocolate, AS 2700S-1996 (X64), Standards Australia, North Sydney.

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