Description: A collection of raw open source data available online, that can be reused (re-analysed) by another person or organisation

Examples of online research data archives include Australia National Data Service (ANDS) and Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR).


  • A dataset citation includes all of the same components as any other citation.
  • The publisher is often the archive where it is housed.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

Author's family name OR Authoring body (year)
(Author's family name OR Authoring body year)


...the catchment (CSIRO 2014).

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Author's family name, Initial(s) OR Authoring body year, Title of dataset, Physical location, viewed date, <URL>.


Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) 2014, Water quality data from catchment, reedbed and groundwater bores, Australia, viewed 10 April 2015, <>.