Description: An electronic message


  • Always get approval from the author of an email before sharing, quoting or paraphrasing personal correspondence.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

Include the family name of the person who sent the email and the date of the email within your sentence. Do not use brackets.


Harper confirmed this by email on 2 November 2012.

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Do not create reference list entries for emails: include all details in-text.