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Referencing Roadmap (Harvard)

Live Performance

Description: Any type of live performance witnessed first hand


  • Types of live performance include theatrical productions, speeches, ballets, operas, concerts, musical acts, poetry readings etc.
  • Italicise the titles of theatrical productions, e.g. Hamlet, Les miserables.
  • Live performances cannot be easily recovered by readers, so describe them in detail in-text instead of referencing.

In-text citation

Format and layout:

There is no standard reference format for live performances, so convey as much information (e.g. title, artist or speaker, date of delivery) as possible in your sentence.


The State Theatre Company of South Australia's 2018 production of Sense and Sensibility drew...

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:

Live performances cannot be easily recovered by readers, so do not include entries in your reference list. Describe in-text in as much detail as required



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